Between 1947 and 1956, 11 caves in Khirbet Qumran on the northwestern bank of the Dead Sea yielded leather, papyrus, and metal Dead Sea Scrolls. They are around 2,000 years old.
A group of peasants excavating a well near the Qin Shi Huang Emperor's tomb mound at Mount Li near Xi'an in Shaanxi Province in 1974 discovered the 8,000-strong terracotta army meant to protect the emperor in his afterlife.
Pompeii was buried by volcanic ash and rock after Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 CE.
A metal detectorist unearthed the greatest Anglo-Saxon gold and silver treasure in a field near Hammerwich, Staffordshire, England, near Lichfield in 2009.
Stonehenge, the world's most famous prehistoric stone circle and most architecturally complex, has perplexed historians and archaeologists for millennia. The Duke of Buckingham made the first Stonehenge excavation in the 1620s.
The Varna Necropolis in Bulgaria, discovered by archaeologists in 1974, is a major prehistoric site.
The Giza pyramids are among Earth's greatest archaeological marvels. They were long thought to have been erected by slaves.