Birds need high-energy foods during winter. Provide seeds, suet, and nuts to help them maintain their energy levels.
Ensure a fresh and ice-free water source for wildlife. Consider using a birdbath heater or regularly replacing the water to prevent it from freezing.
Place birdhouses and shelters to protect birds from harsh weather. Clean out nesting boxes in late fall to make them ready for spring.
Leave some plants unpruned to provide shelter for insects and birds. Seed heads and dried plants can also serve as additional food sources.
If you have squirrels in your area, provide them with their own feeding station to minimize competition with birds.
Hedgehogs often hibernate during winter. Provide hedgehog houses or shelters to offer a safe place for them to rest.
Be mindful of potential hibernating sites. Avoid unnecessary digging or disturbances that may disrupt wildlife during their winter sleep.
If you have larger mammals in your area, consider leaving out supplementary food, like dog or cat food, for them.
Butterflies and insects may use fallen leaves for protection. Avoid excessive leaf clearing in all areas of your garden.
Limit the use of pesticides and chemicals in your garden. These can harm not only pests but also beneficial insects and wildlife.